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The Russian Federation is the world's largest country. It borders on Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. The capital is Moscow.

Slavic people migrated from Central Europe in the 500's to Novgorodområdet and created the first state in the 800's. Traffic by the Scandinavian Vikings, cold intoxication, on the rivers between the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea, moved the center of gravity for Rus empire to Kiev. In 988 was Christianized Kievan realm of Vladimir the Holy.

Russia has since the adoption of the present constitution in 1993 has been a democratic federal republic with a classic power-sharing in a legislative, executive and judicial power. When Vladimir Putin was inaugurated as president in May 2000 - after Boris Yeltsin's surprise resignation New Year's Day 1999 - the first time in Russia's 1000 year history, the country's highest office was transferred from one elected leader to another.

Russia can be divided into five main regions: European Russia, stretching from the west border to the Urals, traditionally regarded as the boundary between Europe and Asia - is a vast low land area, traversed by rivers Volga, Don and the Dnieper.
It is the richest region of the Russian Federation. Ural Mountains stretching from north to south and contains important mineral and oil deposits. Siberia stretches from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific.

This vast area is rich in natural resources, but is sparsely populated because of the harsh climatic conditions. Caucasus region is a vast steppe area, extending north of the mountains of the same name, between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Parts of Russian Central Asia lies below sea level and consists of deserts, steppes and mountains. Russia is no longer a superpower, but still a great power.
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Popular attractions

  #1 Hermitage Museum

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