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Castillo de Montjuic
Category: Castles & Fortresses



Castillo de Montjuic is a military castle of Montjuïc in the Catalan city of Barcelona. It currently houses including a military museum. The first fortification on the Montjuic was built in 1670. Until then it had been a watchtower at the site. The small fortification was rebuilt into a castle in 1694. It was occupied both in 1705, during the Spanish Succession War and in 1808, by Napoleon's troops. In 1842, during the reign of Baldomero Espartero, the city was bombarded from Castell de Montjuïc to stop a revolusjonistisk settlement. The following year the city was bombarded again, by order of General Prim.

Beginning in the late 1800s the castle was used as a prison for political prisoners, especially supporters of anarchist wave in the 1890s. Trials that followed called Montjuïc process, and is known for the extensive use of torture. The castle served as a military prison until 1960. 24th June 1963 opened the Franco military museum in the building complex.

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